Absolute Reference in Excel

Originally published at: Absolute Reference in Excel - Excelbuddy.com

Absolute reference in Excel refers to a cell reference that is “locked.” This means that the rows and columns won’t change when copied within a spreadsheet (or sheets).

This does differ from Relative Reference, where a cell is pointed to in Excel, but not locked.

An Absolute Reference works by adding “$” around the row and column. The Shortcut is F4.

Absolute Reference in Excel


Once the cell is locked, you can drag down the autofill handle to complete the following calculations.